Sunday, February 23, 2020

Social Classes Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Social Classes - Essay Example For example great sociologist Dennis Wrong determines class in two ways - realist and nominalist. The realist definition relies on clear class boundaries to which people adhere in order to create social groupings. They identify themselves with a particular class and interact mainly with people in this class. The nominalist definition of class focuses on the characteristics that people share in a given class - education, occupation, etc. Class is therefore determined not by the group in which you place yourself or the people you interact with, but rather by these common characteristics (Kerbo, 1996, p. 56). The most important class distinction between the two groups is power. The powerful attempt to cement their own positions in society and maintain their ranking above the powerless. In societies where classes exist, one's class is defined largely by occupation, education and qualifications, income, wealth, including the ownership of land, property, means of production, et cetera; family background and aspirations. Such fluid notion as race can have widely varying degrees of influence on class standing. Having characteristics of a particular ethnic group may improve one's class status in many societies. However, what is considered "racially superior" in one society can often be exactly the opposite in another. In situations where such factors are an issue, a minority ethnicity has often been hidden, or discreetly ignored if the person in question has otherwise attained the requirements to be of a higher class. Ethnicity is still often the single most overarching issue of class status in some societies. Also we should make a distinction between causation and correlation when it comes to race and class. Many societies have a high correlation between particular classes and race, but this is not necessarily an indication that race is a factor in the determination of class. So the term race can be refered to the concept of dividing people into populations or groups on the basis of various sets of c haracteristics. Such visible traits as skin color, cranial or facial features and hair texture are the basis for the most widely used human racial categories (Kerbo, 1996, p. 69). Conceptions of race, as well as specific ways of grouping races, vary by culture and over time, and are often controversial for scientific as well as social and political reasons. Some scientists argue that although "race" is a valid taxonomic concept in other species, it cannot be applied to humans. Many scientists have argued that race definitions are imprecise, arbitrary, derived from custom, have many exceptions, have many gradations, and that the numbers of races delineated vary according to the culture making the racial distinctions; thus they reject the notion that any definition of race pertaining to humans can have taxonomic rigour and validity. Today most scientists study human genotypic and phenotypic variation using concepts such as "population" and "clinal gradation". Many contend that while racial categorizations may be marked by phenotypic or genotypic traits, the idea of race itself, and actual divisions of persons into races, are social constructs. Speaking about the social structure of the United States we can take as an example the model of contemporary American society: Upper class: Those with great influence, wealth and prestige. This class makes up about 1% of the population and owns about a third of private wealth. Upper middle class: The

Friday, February 7, 2020

MPH502-Introduction to Public Health (Module 4 SLP) Essay

MPH502-Introduction to Public Health (Module 4 SLP) - Essay Example These focus areas are: As can be observed from the given list of focus areas, each area represented an important parameter of public health as for example, access to quality health services and improvement of public health infrastructure surely are some of the basic requirements for any public health agenda to be really effective and successful. Also, timely intimation of impending health hazards is an equally important part of a health program if it anticipates voluntary and enthusiastic participation from all sections of the society. People must be aware of an issue before they can react positively to it. Similarly, immunization and protection against infectious diseases that might affect large sections of the community is also a very important part of a successful national health program. Children are the future of any society and if United States wants to attain a healthy future, it is quite natural that maternal, infant and child health should occupy an important place in any public health initiative. Fitness is essence of healthy life and overweight can be eliminated only through properly calibrated physical activity and proper nutrition. Thus, quite obviously, these form a part of the focus areas. Education is possibly the single most potent tool to make people responsible and aware of public health issues as it enables people to fully realize their rights and duties as members of civil society and such an awareness can best be spread through programs that involve entire communities. Tobacco is a silent killer and it is being accepted to be so by all leading medical and health practitioners. Thus, it is no wonder that tobacco use and substance abuse (including alcohol) also find their place among 28 focus areas. The other focus areas as cancer, heart disease and stroke, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, mental health and mental disorders, sexually

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Social Order Essay Example for Free

Social Order Essay Functionalists theory assumes that a certain degree of order and stability is essential for the survival of social systems. Without it, society may be exposed to chaos and disorder. Therefore, social order is essential for society and it refers to shared nor,s and values, which provide the foundation for cooperation, since common values produce goals. Functionalists believe that social order exists in the concept of value consensus to a large extent. Functionalists believe that without collective conscience/shared values and beliefs, achieving social order is impossible and social order is crucial for the well-being of society. They believe that value consensus forms the basic integrating principle in society. And if members of society have shared values they therefore also have similar identities, this helps cooperation and avoids conflict. Talcott Parsons argues that social order is achieved through the existence of a shared value system. According to him, Social order is only possible as long as members of the society agree on these norms and values. This agreement is called value consensus. Parsons argues that socialization helps to ensure that individuals conform to shared values and meet the systems needs. Through the socialization process individuals internalize the systems norms and values so that society becomes part of their personality structure. Different agencies of socialization such as family, school. etc On the other hand, The Marxists see the functionalists view of consensus as pure fiction. According to them, what actually happens is that the rich force the rest of the population to compliance and conformity. According to them there are scarce resources such as prestige, power and wealth, and the demands for these things exceed the supply. Those who get in control of these resources now use it for their interest at the expense of others. In conclusion, the functionalists theory sees social order as being maintained by value consensus. According to them, the society is organized, well integrated and stable through value consensus. While the Marxists see this view of consensus as pure fiction and say that social order is maintained by force.

Monday, January 20, 2020

Style Controversy :: Writing Styles Style Essays

Style Controversy Upon completion of the both stylebooks, Strunk and White and Williams, I have found that style is much more than whatever one sees fit for themselves. This is true at least for essay writing not necessarily creative writing. As with other debated subjects where guidelines are drawn as to what constitutes a good work of art, film, or music, writing has guidelines which good compositions fit into and can therefore be compared and contrasted with other works. That is not to say there is one way to do any essay but there are parameters which must be met and set for a paper to be critiqued. S&W would like to set up a correct way to do everything; according to them there is only one right way and everything else is wrong. This authoritarian point of view on writing is scary but some of the things they say are poignant. For instance when they speak of participial phrases, as I have mentioned in my first blog writing, they tell and show how to do this correctly and it is easily implemented. â€Å"A participial phrase at the beginning of a sentence must refer to the grammatical subject† (13). To someone who understands what a participial phrase is along with what and where the grammatical subject of a sentence is this makes sense. It is clear, concise, and effective one can quickly look to the rule for reference and continue on with their paper. When looking for quick reference on how to fix grammar mistakes this is a good way to go about finding answers but not for a stylebook. There needs to be more discussion. It would be nice to say that good style is just correct grammar and word usage but it’s not so. Williams knows this and blatantly points this out in his preface of the book. He acknowledges that his book is different from stylebooks in the past mentioning that this book is not for everyone. Williams divulges secrets of the trade in an interesting although sometimes hard to grasp conversation with the reader on all subjects of writing. This does include grammatical problems and word usage concerns but Williams explains both sides and shows how at times both ‘good’ and ‘bad’ aspects of writing can be right depending on the context it is used in.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Infant Observation Essay

For my assignment, I observed at the daycare program housed inside my church called Gateway To Learning (2930 Rayford Rd., Spring, TX 77386), a Christian childcare provider for ages 6-weeks to fourth grade (after school). There are currently 185 children enrolled in the GTL program, including after-schoolers. GTL employs approximately 50 people, not including substitute teachers. The teacher:student ratios are as follows: ages 6 weeks to 12 months – 4:1, 12 to 18 months – 5:1, 18 to 24 months – 9:1, 2 year olds – 11:1, 3 year olds – 15:1, and four year olds – 18:1. All of the teachers must be CPR certified, First Aid certified, and trained in SIDS, shaken baby syndrome, infant brain development, and child abuse. I was placed in the infant room with babies 6-weeks to one year. The room was set up well. There were eight cribs and/or pack-and-plays aligned around the walls of the room with allowed for easy movement of teachers and crawlers. In t he center of the room was a bright, primary color plat mat that the little ones loved rolling around on. There were also bouncers and jumper play toys for the kids to hop inside and have fun with. In one corner of the room was the changing table, kitchenette for warming milk and mixing baby cereal, and refrigerator for storage. There was ample storage space in the kitchenette and the entrances were blocked with childproof gates. Each child has a cubby to put their diaper bags in as well as extra toys, blankets, etc. I think that the room was just the right size for the amount of children in the class, and I think that it was set up in a user-friendly way so getting around was simple. The infant room was on a schedule, but the babies are tiny and all on their own schedules at home, so it was difficult for the teachers to get all of the children doing the same thing at the same time. For instance, when it was time for lunch, some babies had just fallen asleep. The schedule was fairly straightforward: arrive, breakfast, nap, play, lesson, lunch, nap, play, leave. But like I mentioned, some babies were doing their own thing, napping when they could have been playing or playing when they were supposed to be eating. Upon asking the teachers about the schedule, they all agreed that if everyone is happy, then the schedule comes second. I think I would agree with their opinions. Although the infant room wasn’t strict on scheduling, all of the babies were happy during my observation. None of the children in the infant room were talking much. There was only one baby (11 months) that could make actual words. He could say â€Å"Mama† and â€Å"Dada.† Pretty basic. The other babies were verbal, definitely able to let you know if they were hungry, wet or tired, just not producing identifiable words. At one point during my time, one baby was in a jumper talking with another baby across the room. They were chatting back and forth and laughing with each other. I wish I could have understood what they were saying, because it was so cute. My favorite age in the infant room were 6-9 months because they were so bright-eyed and ready for anything. All of the teachers spoke with cheerful voices and kept their tones light. When they would talk directly to a baby, they wouldn’t use baby-talk and instead focused on using the same words over and over again to teach the baby to remember select words or phrases. For example, when one baby was hungry and started crying, the teacher that fed him kept saying, â€Å"Letâ⠂¬â„¢s get your milk.† I asked if the babies tended to remember the short words or phrases and she responded that half of the time there was success. When it came to diapering, the changing table was sanitized after each diaper change and new wax paper is laid on the cushion before the next baby is changed. Employees must wear gloves when changing diapers and wash their hands after finishing. Every few hours, the toys in the infant room are sanitized. The floor mat is sanitized three times a day, once in the morning, once at lunch, and once in the afternoon. To prevent bad health/hygiene, employees are required to wash their hands before handling personal baby items such as food, clothes, pacifiers, etc. If one child has a runny nose and the teacher uses a tissue, she will then have to wash her hands even though her skin never touched the baby’s runny nose. The teachers in the infant room were constantly washing their hands, just to be safe. When the babies were ready to be fed, the teacher would wash her hands, warm the milk/mix the baby cereal, and either sit in a rocking chair or place the baby in a freshly sanitized high chair to feed them. After the baby was finished, the teacher would wash out the bottles/bowls and sanitize the high chair. Then she would wash her hands again. Each baby was on their own feeding schedule, so running water was a noise I heard constantly throughout the day. When the babies were ready to go to bed, they were placed in a crib designated for them. Each baby was given a blanket provided by the parents during nap time and a pacifier if provided by the parent as well. Some babies slept in 20 minute intervals while others slept for an hour depending on their age. Like I mentioned, it is hard to get all of the babies to sleep at the same time, but I was surprised that the ones who would fall asleep stayed asleep while their classmates fussed when hungry or wet. There were a variety of toys for the babies to play with. From dogs that sang songs to maracas for them to shake, each baby had plenty of options. The favorite toys in the room were the ones where the baby could lay down while playing with them, so mobiles and jumpers were the most popular. There were also electric swings to lay the babies in if they weren’t happy sleeping in their cribs as well as pack-and-plays. When it came to communication between teachers and parents, there were quite a few ways of transferring information. Each baby had a clipboard with their name on it with papers that were sent home with the parents at the end of each day. The slips had time slots when diapers were changed, bottles were drunk, and naps were taken. I liked how easy it was to organize the information and still keep the parents happy. Notes were often sent in diaper bags for specific inquiries like â€Å"Can you please send an extra onesie tomorrow?† and of the sort. Overall I think the communication process is very organized and is easy for everyone. My overall opinion of GTL is very high. I had a great time observing and learning about how my church provides care for kids that don’t always come on Sundays. The atmosphere of GTL was very positive and everyone seemed genuinely happy to be working there. All of the teachers were friendly with the kids, even when they had to punish them or take something away, and did everything with a kind heart. The room was very clean and the babies were all happy (most of the time). I liked how each baby had their own crib and cubby, and how everyone was so personable. There were a lot of people stopping by the door just to say â€Å"hi† to another teacher, and I liked knowing that all of the employees seemed to get along with each other without too many issues. The director was pleasant and inviting, as well as knowledgeable when it came to procedures, trainings, and employing new team members. I really enjoyed my time at GTL and will definitely go back when I need to gather more information for my Pre-School observatio n.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

The Evolution Of Democracy In The Early Republic. The...

The Evolution of Democracy in the Early Republic The evolution of democracy from the time of President Thomas Jefferson to President Andrew Jackson can be depicted as a minimal change in conceptually agrarian viewpoints and strong supporters of equality for the common man. While the two men essentially shared many of the same beliefs and ideas, there was a noticeable difference to how they acted on them and spoke out about them. As the nation s third president, Jefferson organized the national government by his own ideals, doubled the size of the United States, and struggled to maintain American neutrality in the face of ever increasing pressure. The seventh President of the United States, Andrew Jackson was a general in the War of 1812†¦show more content†¦Jacksonian Democracy favored Laissez faire economics over the proactive federal investments promoted by the opposing Whig Party (â€Å"Jacksonian Democracy†, 2017). Jeffersonians believed in equality and rule by the educated. Jefferson believed education would be the cure of all evils. He said, Educate the people generally, and tyranny and injustice will vanish like evil spirits at the dawn of day. (Hart, 1898). Jacksonians thought the best way to end corruption was to allow all the common people to vote and have their say in their government, however both men clearly demonstrate that their definition of the common man doesn’t include minorities. On the American frontier, democracy became a way of life, with widespread social, economic and political equality. The system gradually evolved, from Jeffersonian Democracy or the First Party System to Jacksonian Democracy or the Second Party System and later to the Third Party System Jeffersonian and Jacksonian Democracy are the same in just about every regard. Their views and goals as presidents are the same. Both are in favor of the common man and feel that it is the common people who should have the biggest influence on government, not the wealthy aristocrats. They also support states’ rights and feel that the federal government should not get involved with the states affairs. Both men s actions clearly show that the common man does not include minorities. Both JacksonShow MoreRelatedThe Evolution Of Democracy And The Early Republic Essay1175 Words   |  5 PagesThe Evolution of Democracy in the Early Republic President Jefferson and President Jackson were two complete different people. Though each one had their flaws, they also had some good intentions throughout their presidency. The government was different under each president because each one had their own ideas for America. There is a chain of causes that made America the way it was under each president. 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Along with this, the Romans helped struc ture the different branches of the government to help give power to the people. Morality and ethical ideals were taught through Judaism and Christianity, that gave salvation to its followers. Through a strive of passion, the Greeks brought an important creation to the evolution of modern political thought becauseRead MoreWho Ruled The Roman Republic1537 Words   |  7 Pagesthe Roman republic. (Zetzel) argues that in a monarchy â€Å"there is no holy bond or trust† and because of the importance of popular sovereignty there was no appeal to maintain the monarchy and therefore resulting in the rise of the mixed constitution. The mixed constitution allowed a balanced government which resulted in the combination of the monarchy, aristocracy and democracy. 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Friday, December 27, 2019

Self Care - 1408 Words

As we continue to take more difficult classes in pursuit of becoming nurses, it is easy to forget about self-care. In an effort to prevent burn out, our group has integrated the practices of exercise and meditation into our daily schedules. In the following, we discuss how both mediation and exercise worked and didn’t work for us, what we learned while on this journey, and how we applied our learning to teach someone the skills and knowledge we obtained in meditation and exercise. Countless research and studies have been conducted to explore the benefits of meditation and exercise in relation to people’s well-being. Dimeo, Thomas, Raabe-Menseen, Propper Mathias (2004) studied the effects of exercise and relaxation on various†¦show more content†¦Some members learned that adding more obligations to an already congested schedule increases their level of stress. Other members learned they had limited patience for trying new things despite an activity’s pot ential beneficial effects. Lastly, some felt that because self-care in this assignment was mandatory, it associated negativity rather than positivity in an activity that should elicit feelings associated with individual freedom and fun. The candidate is a forty-three year old female who has recently lost seventy-five pounds and wants to maintain a healthy weight. She does not practice any self-care therapies and instead smokes. Teaching and learning strategies utilized between the teacher and learner helped the client change her attitude about exercise, educate her about how exercise could change her life and helped her adopt a new behavior that would benefit her exponentially. The teaching and learning principles included channels such as visual instructions, demonstrations and side-by-side routines. For example, the teacher would ask the client to assume a plank position for one full minute. The teacher demonstrated and the receiver provided feedback through speech and action ens uring her understanding of the instructions given. The client communicated her intrapersonal variables to the sender by expressing her concern regarding the level of exertion and thatShow MoreRelatedDorothea Orems Self Care Model1532 Words   |  7 PagesNursing Theorist Dorothea Orem’s Self Care Model states, â€Å"Nursing care is required when an adult is unable to perform self-care sufficiently to sustain life, maintain health, recover from disease or injury, or cope with the effects of disease or injury† (Orem, 1991). Orem also takes into account that caregivers also need nursing care. Six concepts: 1. Self-care is the activities that people perform to maintain health. Self-care requisites: A. Universal- Margie’s daughter prepares her mealsRead MoreMy Self Care Journey1219 Words   |  5 PagesMy own self care journey To give you a little history on me, the Naked Tool Kit and why I do what I do, this journey began when my marriage started falling apart. Despite having a Psychology degree, a Masters degree in Social Work and practicing across a range of settings I had to learn about the benefits of self care the hard way, through life’s lessons. The ‘red flags’ (warning signs) in my relationship had been there for a while but the difficulties came to a head just months after we got marriedRead MoreEssay on Self-esteem and Care Plan1474 Words   |  6 PagesASSIGNMENT 207 UNDERSTAND PERSON CENTRED APPROACHES IN AN ADULT SOCIAL CARE SETTING TASK B – SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS Bi Describe two ways of finding out about the history, preferences, wishes and needs of an individual using the service. * By asking the individual at their initial assessment, a full history should be taken as part of their care plan * By referring to past notes from social care workers, GPs and family Bii Describe two ways of making sure that the historyRead MoreA Self Care Plan to Prevent Compassion Fatigue1954 Words   |  8 PagesA Plan For Self-Care Against Compassion Fatigue Brian Murrison University of Kansas Introduction Working in the helping field has its many joys and privileges. Seeing a child, whose self esteem is at the bottom, light up when he/she accomplishes a new task, see the growth an alcohol and drug addict has made in treatment, or to see the family, that when they entered the door of your office, was on the verge of separation, but now are communicating and working out their own needs with little assistanceRead MorePersonal Statement On Self Care1744 Words   |  7 PagesSelf-care is vital when working in the Human Services field, I have been and AODA counselor for three years now and have learned from trial and error that I need to learn my triggers and learn how to care for myself so I can be the best counselor to my Clients. I have learned that it’s easy to give recommendations on self-care; however it does not come that easy to follow those recommendations personally. Over the years with the help of wonderful supervisors, I have worked on a plan for my personalRead MoreThe Self Care Deficit Theory968 Words   |  4 Pages the Self-Care Deficit Theory was created in 1956 Dorothea E. Orem as a product of attempting to improve nursing care quality in general hospitals directly in her state. This theory shows another way of viewing a specific phenomenon; it is applied to an extensive range of patients and is incorporated into the nursing practice to develop and advance patient care; however, consistency with the laws and ethical practices are the key to this theory. Definition According to Taylor (2011), Self- careRead MoreThe Importance of Self-Care for Nurses2066 Words   |  9 PagesThe Importance of Exercise and Other Self-Care Modalities for Nurses The profession of nursing requires a capacity and joy for caring and healing others both mentally and physically. Nurses spend their careers caring for patients and their families often in the worst and most frightening periods of their lives. Nursing responsibilities can be lengthy, stressful and physically and emotionally demanding. The demands of the nursing profession coupled with the nursing shortage and longerRead MoreSelf Care And Life Style950 Words   |  4 PagesNext, self care and life style can affect the patient health and that’s why we as doctors should put it in our minds. Self care and life style include; Education, which can help the patient to know better about his or her condition and how to react whenever it became worse. Exercise is essential to maintain patient’s health and improvement of his or her condition. Also the nutrition and diet can help the patient to decrease the risk of his or her condition and prevent some condition from happeningRe ad MoreEthos of Self Care Essays3173 Words   |  13 Pagesan understanding of the ethos of self care whilst highlighting the ways in which the current health service is being re-orientated to incorporate this concept within patient care practices. Definitions of self care will be reviewed and some of the similarities and differences between definitions considered. Current health and social care policies that influence self care will be discussed with a view to how these policies advocate change within the health care system. The implications that theseRead MoreSelf Care And Its Effects On Caregivers2256 Words   |  10 Pagesexamining self-care and its effects on caregivers, there is a significant lack of research examining what mental health caregivers utilize as coping methods to buffer the effects of burnout as a result of lack of self-care in their profession. Therefore, this exploratory research study seeks to explore the perceptions of self-care among Ventura County ment al health caregivers and the coping methods (adaptive and maladaptive) employed to counteract the impact of burnout by the collection of self-report